Epidemiology of CLL
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia in the Western world, accounting for up to 35% of all leukemias and 1.3% of all cancers1,2
US Statistics from the SEER database.*
|Median Age at Diagnosis3||Incidence3||Prevalence4||Mortality3||5-Year Survival Rate3|
|Median Age at Diagnosis3|
|5-Year Survival Rate3|
*US Statistics from the SEER database collected 2008-2014 and last updated in 2018.
How CLL is diagnosed
CLL often presents without symptoms and is diagnosed incidentally through blood work5,6
The diagnosis of CLL requires ≥5 x 109/L B lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, sustained for ≥3 months
Clonality of B cells should be confirmed by flow cytometry
Symptoms usually develop slowly
Symptoms may include5
Unexplained weight loss or early satiety
Hyperhidrosis, night sweats
Infections, especially recurring infections
CLL=chronic lymphocytic leukemia, SEER=Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program.
Review the two main systems—Rai and Binet—for staging CLL
References: 1. Strati P, Jain N, O'Brien S. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: diagnosis and treatment. Mayo Clin Proc. 2018;93(5):651-664. 2. Siegel RL, Miller KD, Jemal A. Cancer statistics, 2018. CA Cancer J Clin. 2018;68(1):7-30. 3. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program. SEER Cancer Stat Facts: Leukemia - Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/clyl.html. Accessed November 1, 2018. 4. Leukemia & Lymphoma Society. Facts 2017-2018: Updated Data on Blood Cancers. https://www.lls.org/sites/default/files/file_assets/PS80_Facts2017-2018.pdf. Accessed November 29, 2018. 5. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000532.htm. Accessed November 26, 2018. 6. Hallek M, Cheson BD, Catovsky D, et al. iwCLL guidelines for diagnosis, indications for treatment, response assessment, and supportive management of CLL. Blood. 2018;131(25):2745-2760.